The memorial complex was opened in 1995. It is dedicated to the heroism of the defenders of the Motherland.
During the Great Patriotic War, a large-scale defense line was deployed near the village of Buinichi. Local residents dug a huge anti-tank moat in 2 weeks, the outline of which is distinct today.
On July 10, 1941, the Hitler Army began massive bombardment and artillery shelling of the fortifications of 388 rifle regiments, led by Semyon Fyodorovich Kutepov. Defenders have struggled to hold their ground.
On 15 July, an army of opponents occupied Chausis, which lost contact with headquarters. Supplies of supplies, medicines and ammunition were stopped. Despite all this, defenders continued to defend their positions until 22 July.
During the violent fighting in the area of Mogilev, the offensive of the army units of the center was delayed.
Constantine Simonov died on August 28 in 1979 in Moscow. According to his will, the writer ‘s wife and children dispelled his ashes over the Buinichi Field near Mogilov.
Local lands became a battlefield at other times as well. The first fight took place here in 1595, during a riot of peasants. They were led by Severin Nalivayko. In order to suppress the riot, the authorities of the Rzecz Pospolita sent an 18 thousand army, but it failed to suppress the uprising.
In 1812 there was a bloody fight of Napoleonic troops under the command of Marshal Louis Davu with the Russian army of General Bagration.